Al abrigo de la Sierra Urbasa-Andía

Turismo Rural Navarra · Tierras de Iranzu

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Artistic legacy of the region

Rural tourism in Navarre

The region has great artistic and historical heritage.  Click on the titles to see the artistic and historical sites of best interest.

Irantzu Monastery

Monasterio de Iranzu

Its construction began in 1175, in the late twelfth century and lasted until the early fourteenth century.  It is a Cistercian style building transitional Romanesque-Gothic.
Interior:
Cloister:  There are different construction stages, the twelfth, thirteenth and fourteenth centuries.  This explains the variety of styles from a Cistercian to a Gothic style. 
Washstand:  Hexagonal shaped and Gothic style fountain, it was virtually rebuilt in the 1942 restoration.
Chapter house:  At the end of the twelfth century.  A cross vaulted roof that rests on two central columns.  A Roman arch doorway between splayed windows.
Monumental kitchen:  The kitchen was built in the thirteenth century; the gigantic fireplace supported by four arches stands out.  Arches with decorated key stones - these arches are supported by modillions brackets and capitals decorated with geometric and plant motifs.  On the outside the masonry walls are reinforced by buttresses, emerging from the fireplace. 
The Church:  Is shaped in a Latin cross layout with on central and two side chapels.  These chapels are separated by pointed arches resting on strong pillars.  They have cross vaults between the arches.  The stress beams of the ceiling supported by modillion brackets and transverse arches suspended with capitals.  The only decorated elements are the capitals and modillions, decorated with plant images.  There are several windows inside the Church, concentrating light in the sanctuary, with triple and central rose windows.  The exterior have masonry walls that are reinforced by buttresses.  At the foot of the Church there is a simple arch with plant decoration and smooth columns.
Sacristy:  From the first half of the seventeenth century, it is rectangular shape in Mannerist style.
Refectory:  Access through a Gothic doorway.  The room from medieval origins was profoundly transformed in the seventeenth century.  Closed to the public.
Punishment cells:  A large rectangular room, contemporary style to the Church, where the arches still remain.  Closed to the public.
Abbot’s residence:  Angle shaped with a restored porch that retains the central panel with a larch arch from the twelfth century.  At this time it corresponded to the Abbey house with its pointed arch on columns, it was, however, restored in the Baroque period.  Closed to the public.

State of Conservation:  It is in very good condition, although the prisons need to be rebuilt.  On the outside of the Church is the rehabilitated Chapel of Saint Adrian, it is surrounded by the ruins of the old seminary.  Closed to the public.
Access:  At kilometre 8 off the NA-111 (Estella-Etxarri Aranza) Road, there is a small road on the left that leads 4 kilometres to the Monastery.
Visibility:  The Monastery can be visited freely or by guided tours.
Contact:  948 520 047 / 948 52 00 12

Saint Mary of Eguiarte Church

Iglesi de Santa María de Eguiarte

This is a beautiful Romanesque Church belonging to the Yerri Valley.  It is found half way between Lácar and Alloz.  The majestic profile of the limestone wall of Urbasa-Andíamarks out the surrounding landscape, stained with cereal fields and hills.  It is a mysterious, enigmatic and magical structure...  Access is along an asphalted road and the surrounding buildings mean you cannot see it until you reach the atrium; this increases the appeal of this historical monument, a site of Cultural Interest.

The atrium is precisely the first thing that draws your attention.  It has round arches, wooden beams and rectangular columns that are built over an old cemetery covered with stone slabs.  Sit down and let the wind whisper the secrets of the hidden past whilst in the distance you can hear the church bells ring or the birds happily sing.  You can contemplate the differences between the original Romanesque construction and the Baroque expansion or search for hidden symbols, such as the Templars cross.  The astronomy references of this symbol strengthen the arcane nature of the enclave.

The Romanesque simplicity combines with great sculptural wealth elements on the capitals of the doorway.  The first two on the left are attributed to the sculptor of the church San Miguel in Estella and show stages of Jesus Christ’s childhood with an expressiveness that indicated proto-Gothic style.  On the right, show the duality of good and evil through the centaur aiming his arrow at some monstrous birds.

Iglesia de Santa María de Eguiarte

The Church was considered a Basilica, hence its construction and ornamentation and wealth with which its interior was reformed in the seventeenth century in Baroque style.  From the primitive Romanesque structure we can still see two very well preserved capitals.  Light flows inside the Church highlighting the gold leaf covered alter pieces, fine sheets made from the gold of a viceroy.  On the main alter piece the allusion to the sky through the presence of elements such as the sun is the highlight.  The Virgin Mary of Eguiarte deserves a special mention for her careful treatment.  She is also known as the “Milk Virgin” as she is breast feeding her child.
A twisted medieval spiral staircase leads up to the steeple.  Wooden beams, ashlars and large bells framed between windows accentuate the rural appearance of this particular foundation.  The view from the top is excellent.  Let your eyes wander whilst you imagine battles like the one that took place in Lácar during the Carlist Wars.  If you would like to see a recreation of the battle, there is a re-enactment every even numbered year.
 

Munarriz House (Abarzuza)

It is better known as “el museo de Concha” (the Shell Museum).  It is a private house and it is listed by “Principe de Viana” (part of the Navarre government protecting historic buildings and art in Navarre).  The owners provide guided tours to the room where the General once lived and died, it is preserved intact.  It is open in summer, but there is no specific timetable.  It is better to call in advance:  948 52 00 59. 
It has a historic value set in the Carlist War period, mainly because a few metres away from the house in 1874 the battle was waged in which the General died, known as the “Batalla de Muru” (the battle of Muru).
It has a high multicoloured stone relief from San Sebastian in sixteenth century.  The carving of San Juan Evangelista, an expert in Roman law, at the end of the sixteenth century.  The carving of Mary Immaculate in the eighteenth century.  Baroque lying Christ.

Saint Catherine’s Chapel. Casetas de Ciriza

Ermita de Santa Catalina

It belongs to the Azcona municipality.  It is one of the most interesting rural Romanesque buildings of the Estella Region.  Dated from the late twelfth century.  Cistercian influences, it has a unique rectangular room with three semicircular sections, articulating the different sections by powerful transverse sections that lower brackets in simple stones.  In the same section there is a double triumphal arch and its is supported by thick pillars with half-columns attaced, whose capitals are decorated with several scenes:  Christ amongst winged lions, from the Gospel and a centaur armed with a bow and fighting with a knight who is protecting a lady, c

Palacio de Viguria (Viguria)

It is located in the village of Viguria (Guesálaz Valley) north of Esténoz and Arzoz, 580 metres above sea level.
It is 31 kilometres from Pamplona and 21 kilometres from Estella.  This monumental building is also called the Palacio del Marqués de Monte hermoso with masonry walls on the main façade and ashlars masonry in the rest of the building.  It is dated from the mid-seventeenth century.
The façade consists of two floors and an attic, between cubic tall towers.  It is a broad horizontal markedly even Herrerian design, limiting its ornate designs to the simple frames of the openings.  In the central part, although somewhat offset from its axis, is a door with litter box and boxed pilasters, instead of capitals, it has a coat of arms with brackets of twisted leathers and crown on the top; and 8 fess charge in the centre.
It is mounted above the balcony, as a covered entrance, with old cast iron used on other openings of the house.  As a finishing touch to the coat of arms, above the Cross Saint James, with a lion-head at the bottom, lower bracket twisted leather, trimmed with foliage and an open crown between two birds facing each other.  It is divided in four, the first quarter is an eight pointed star with the inscription:  firmament.  The second quarter, divided in four has both lions and castles alternating, this is repeated in the third quarter with birds and castles and the fourth quarter a heraldry bend.  In the centre 8 fess charge.  At the top of the coat of arms it reads:  Cisneros.
The central panel of the façade has double wooden eaves with carved brackets from the period.  The other façades are from the period, except the back wall where there is another lintel doorway with a coat of arms with 8 fess, dated at the sixteenth century.

State of conservation:  At present it is abandoned.  The owner has had some offers but it has not yet been sold.  It is becoming increasingly deteriorated to the point that many parts of the roof have caved in.
Visitability:  It is a very interesting building.  It is one of the most outstanding buildings of civil architecture in the municipality.  It is dangerous to enter the mansion.
History:  The mansion is one of the oldest plots of nobility in Navarre.  Viguria were the lords who where given various privileges, so in 1601, Sancho de Viguria received exemption from military service.  Later, the palace was passed to the Marquis de Montehemoso, in 1761.

Historical and cultural heritage

The Irantzu Region is characterized by its historical and architectural wealth.
Click on the titles to see the highlights of the historical heritage of the region:

Abarzuza Municipality

The artistic heritage of the Abárzuza Municipality is largely composed of religious architectural buildings, but also by other monuments considered as historical and/or artistic heritage.  The main ones are as follows:

  • The parish “Nuestra Señora de la Asunción” Church of Our Lady of the Assumption (Renaissance Gothic style) set in the urban core
  • “Ermita Santa Bárbara” Saint Barbara Chapel (Gothic origin) 2 kilometres from the village
  • “Monasterio de Irantzu” The Irantzu Monastery: dates from the late twelfth century.  Cistercian style construction with transition from Romanesque to Gothic.  The monastery offers tours.  Contact:  948 520 047 / 948 520 012
  • Andéraz:  This is a complex form of a mansion (sixteenth century, Mannerist style), and a Church (renovated, medieval origin).
  • Casa Munárriz:  Known as the “el museo de Concha” (the Shell Museum) where General Concha died.  It is a private house and it is listed by “Principe de Viana” (part of the Navarre government protecting historic buildings and art in Navarre).  In the summer the owners give guided tours to the room where the General once lived and died.  It has a historic value set in the Carlist War period.
  • Casas Blasonadas:  The civil architecture and the preserved coat of arms from the periods between the sixteenth and eighteenth centuries stand out

 

Guesálaz Valley

Historical and cultural heritage of the Guesálaz Valley, include “El palacio de Viguria”, parish churches, a private museum and the remains of a Roman road.  The most imports points of interest are:

  • In first place, and perhaps the monument that best represents the Guesálaz Valley, the “Palacio de Viguria” also known as “Palacio del Marqués de Montehermoso”, it is a splendid building from the seventeenth century.  The exterior of the building is in good state but the interior is almost in ruins.

Parishes and the chapels of interest

  • The parish of “Santa María” Saint Mary in Viguria, thirteenth century Romanesque building.  It is in very poor condition.
  • Parish of “Santa María Magdalena” Saint Mary Magdalene, in Muzqui, from the thirteenth century.  It is in acceptable condition.
  • “Ermita de San Juan y San Pablo” Saint John and Saint Paul’s chapel in Muzqui.  It is in acceptable condition.
  • The parish of “Santa Eulalia” Saint Eulalia in Muez (from the thirteenth century reconstructed later).
  • “Ermitas de San Miguel” Saint Michael’s chapel and “Virgen del Sagrario” Virgen of the tabernacle in Muez.  They are in acceptable condition.
  • The parish of “la Natividad de Nuestra Señora” The Nativity of Our Lady (twelfth century) in Garísoain.  It is in very good condition.
  • “Ermita de la Virgen del Pilar” Our Lady of the Pillar in Garísoain (eighteenth century).
  • The parish of “San Román” (eighteenth century) in the municipality of Arzoz and the “Ermita de la Santa Cruz” The Holy Cross Chapel.  They are in very good condition.
  • The parish of “San Roman de Irujo” (twelfth century).  It is in poor condition.
  • The parish of “Santa Catalina” Saint Catherine (late twelfth century, late Romanesqu) in Muniáin.
  • “Ermitas de Santa Cruz” and “Santa Lucia” Holy Cross and Saint Lucy Chapels found in this municipality.
  • The Parish of “San Pedro” Saint Peter (thirteenth century, medieval style with Cistercian influence) in the municipality of Lerate.  It is in good condition.
  • The parish of “San Andrés” Saint Andrew Church (thirteenth century, Cistercian style) in Izurzu.
  • “Nuestra Señora de la Asunción” Our Lady of the Assumption parish chapel (seventeenth century) and “Ermita de San Gregorio” Saint Gregory chapel (seventeenth century).
  • The parish of “San Bartolomé” Saint Bartholomew (twelfth century, Romanesque) in Guembe.  It is in good condition.
  • “Ermita de San Antonio” Saint Anthony’s chapel (twelfth century) is found in this municipality.
  • The parish of “San Martín” Saint Martin (thirteenth century, medieval origin with Cistercian influence) in Arguiñano.
  • “San Miguel” and “La Virgen del Camino” Saint Michael and Our Lady of the Way chapels (Arguiñano).
  • The parish of “Santa Catalina” Saint Catherine (thirteenth century, medieval origins) in Vidaurre.
  • “San Juan y San Pablo” Saint John and Saint Paul chapel (sixteenth century).
  • Parish church of “San Millán” (fourteenth century, Gothic origin) in Iturgoyen.
  • “La Virgen del Camino” Our Lady of the Way chapel (Romanesque), “La Santísima Trinidad” The Holy Trinity chapel (Romanesque) and “San Adrián” Saint Adrian chapel (rural) in Iturgoyen.  All are in good condition.

 

Lezaun

Within the historical and artistic heritage of Lezáun you can find:

  •  Various emblazoned houses, important stately homes such as the well preserved “Casa Subiza”.
  • The parish of “San Pedro” Saint Peter (thirteenth century, Romanesque with a medieval tower).
  • “Santa Bárbara” Saint Barbara chapel.  It is in very good condition.
  • “San Cristóbal” Saint Christopher chapel (thirteenth century, is of medieval origin).  It is in very good condition.
  • There is a tradition that is told by one of the families in Lezáun (los Azpilicueta) were immediate family to “San Francisco Javier” Saint Francis Xavier (co- patron saints of Navarre) and it is said that on occasion, the saint would come to this village.  For this reason importance is given to “Armas de la Familia Azpilicueta” Weapons of the Azpilicueta Family.

Salinas de Oro

The Historical and Cultural Heritage of Salinas de Oro are as follows:

  •  “San Jerónimo” Saint Geronimo chapel (eleventh and twelfth centuries).  A 40 minute walk from the village.
  • The parish of “San Miguel” Saint Michel church (sixteenth century).  Retains a coat of arms and a arch portico belonging to the Goñi family, descendents of the legend Teodoisio de Goñi, since they moved to Salinas de Oro.
  • “San Pedro” Saint Peter’s chapel (proto-Gothic style, twelfth century).
  • “San Salvador” chapel (Romanesque).  It lies in ruins.
  • Also of interest is an old mill, used to grind grain and as a laundry.
  • In the vicinity of Salinas, there is a Romanesque bridge, in very good condition, crossing the Salt River.
  • A set of emblazoned houses with family coat of arms.
  • In the upper part of the village are the ruins of the “Palacio de Goñi”.
  •  

Valle de Yerri

Each of the municipalities that make up the YerriValley has some characteristics historical features, cultural and differentiated landscape that make them unique.

  •  The parish of “Santa María de Eguiarte” Saint Mary of Eguiarte Church (medieval origin) in Alloz and Lácar.
  • The Alloz Monasterio.
  • “San Miguel” Saint Michael’s chapel (modern construction) in Alloz.
  • The parish of “Santo Cosme and San Damián” Saint Cosmas and Saint Damian (medieval origin, current style Gothic Renaissance) in Arandigoyen.
  • The parish of “Santa Cecilia” Saint Cecilia (from the sixteenth century, current style Gothic Renaissance) in Arizaleta.
  • “San Miguel” Saint Michael’s chapel (rural construction style) in Arizaleta.
  • “Palacio del siglo XVI”, Palace from the sixteenth century, Gothic style  and has 6 coat of arms, it is located in the plaza of Arizaleta.
  • The parish of “San Martín” Saint Martin (late Romanesque origins with Cistercian style influences extending to the Gothic Renaissance) in Azcona.
  • “Basílica de Nuestra Señora” The Basilica of Our Lady of Mendigaina (eighteenth century) in Azcona.
  • “Santa Catalina” Saint Catherine chapel (municipality of Azcona).  This chapel was built in the late thirteenth century with Cistercian influences and is one of the most important Romanesque buildings in the Estella region.
  • “Palacio de Azcona”.  A twelfth century building located in the village plaza.
  • The parish of “La Inmaculada Concepción” the Immaculate Conception (Neo-gothic style) in Bearin.
  • “San Esteban” Saint Stephen chapel (medieval origin) in Bearin.
  • The parish of “San Martín” Saint Martin (seventeenth century medieval construction) in Grocin.
  • “Santa Magdalena” Saint Magdalena (of medieval origin with rural Romanesque style) in Grocin.
  • The parish of “San Miguel” Saint Michael (sixteenth and seventeenth centuries, late Romanesque) in Eraul.
  • “San Pedro” Saint Peter’s chapel in Eraul.
  • The parish of “San Juan Evangelista” Saint John the Evangelist (Romanesque origin but reformed in Baroque style) in Ibiricu.
  • “San Cristobal” Saint Christopher’s chapel in Ibiricu.
  • The parish of “San Juan Evangelista” Saint John the Evangelist (thirteenth century, proto-Gothic) in Iruñela.
  • The two wash houses and stone cross in Iruñela.
  • “Santa Engracia” Saint Engracia (Romanesque style) in Lacar. 

Lugares de interés en imágenes

Claustro del Monasterio de Iranzu Iglesia del Monasterio de Iranzu Ermita de Santa Catalina Ermita de Santa Catalina Ermita de Santa Catalina Monasterio de Iranzu Iglesia de Murugarren Iglesia de Irunela Ermital San Cristóbal de Villanueva Casa Abacial del Monasterio de Iranzu

Turismo rural en Navarra · Tierras de Iranzu